The only way of knowing that there are more than one or two types of kitchen knives available in the market is if you are a professional chef or a cooking enthusiast who likes to experiment with their cutlery.

Kitchen Knife Types
source – cooksillustrated

Speaking on a personal level, I did not know that there were actually different types in kitchen knives until recently when I started handling my own kitchen. The different kitchen knife types and their different purposes and uses confused me.

However, with a little bit of research and big help from my mother who is an amazing chef, I was able to understand all these different kitchen knife types, their uses, and how to use kitchen knife sharpener to increase the performance .

Still not convinced? Well try deboning your meat with a filleting or a boning knife and you will surely feel the difference.

How to Select the Right One?

Being an amateur at cooking it was really difficult for me to differentiate which knife serves what purpose and which ones should I chose for my kitchen use.

Or should I just purchase a prepackaged knife block from the super market. Here is where my thorough research came in handy, pairing that up with my usual needs in the kitchen I knew exactly what I needed to buy.

Being more specific what I did was, I listed down most of my usual cooking activities on a piece of paper and then did a thorough research how different kinds of knives would make these certain activities easier and perfect.

And voila I had a list of all the kitchen knives I would require in my hand. Seeing that and comparing it with the prepackaged knives block I realized how most of the knives in that block would have been a waste for me. Having a customized package for your self is a much fruitful option.

Different Types of Kitchen Knives

Using the useful research, I conducted while choosing knives for myself and with some help from my chef mother.

I was able to compile this list of all the amazing types of knives available in the market. Give it a read and then choose which ones would make your cooking life easier in your kitchen.

1- The Chef’s Knife

 Chef’s Knife

Also known as the cook’s knife, it is one of the most multipurpose and well-balanced tool in your kitchen.

  • It is definitely a must have kind of knife which serves all sorts of needs like chopping, slicing dicing etc. be it boneless meat or vegetables
  • These knives are made from high-carbon steel material with a broad blade ranging from usually 6 to 12 inches.
  • Their wide style blade is pointed upwards to a point which makes them easier to rock back and forth while mincing.
  • Normally these knives are non-serrated, however you can usually find one these days with saw-toothed blade as well

These knives serve multiple purposes in relation to cutting, dicing, slicing, and chopping etc. therefore I believe that these knives are definitely a must have for all sorts of kitchens.

However the good quality chef knives don’t come cheap. Be sure to get the same quality as the amount you invest in buying one.

2- Utility Knife

utility knife

The utility knife is also a multipurpose knife for your kitchen not designed specifically for a certain cutting task. It can be used for all sorts of diverse cutting, chopping and dicing. It is something that comes between the chef knife and the paring knife and is treated as a mini chef’s knife.

  • Coming towards the specifications, the utility knife is a bit small in size usually around 4 to 7 inches in length.
  • This is ideal for cutting and chopping vegetables and meat pieces that are small in size and would not require using a full sized kitchen knife.
  • This knife just like the chef’s knife can come with both a toothed or straight blade as per your requirement.
  • This knife just like the chef’s knife can come with both a toothed or straight blade as per your requirement.

This knife just like the chef’s knife can come with both a toothed or straight blade as per your requirement.

These knives are ideal to be used with soft vegetables like lettuce or tomatoes etc.

3- Paring Knife

pairing knife

These paring knives although small in size, are one of the most versatile tools for the kitchen use. Their small and flexible blades are ideally designed for chopping and peeling fruits and vegetables. Putting it simply, paring knives are designed for the tasks that are too small for these oversized chef knives like slicing cherry tomatoes or strawberries. These knives are practically just 3 to 4 inches in length providing you with small and refined cuts with precision and ease. There are different styles of paring knives including spear point, sheep’s foot, and bird’s beak based on their different shapes.

4- Boning Knife

Boning Knife

As the name clearly suggests, boning knives are designed for the specific purpose of easily and neatly separating meat from the bones.

  • It can also be used to cut meat into fillets or other shapes or skinning the meat and even cutting the meat.
  • This small version of this boning knife can also be used to peel and shape vegetables.
  • The boning knives come with a sharp pointy and a long thin style blade.
  • The sharp and flexible make of these kitchen knives guarantee that you reach the difficult to reach parts of your boned meat and ensure that you get maximum of your meat separated from the bones neatly.

5- The Bread Knife

Bread Knife

A bread knife is a must have accessory in your kitchen. Don’t agree? Well try cutting your bread loaf with an ordinary knife and you will get the idea how it destroys the structure and shape of your slice. The bread knives are specially designed in such a way with serrated edges making them ideal to cut through all sorts of soft food items including bread and cakes etc. So considering this quality some chef’s use these bread knives on soft foods like tomatoes, lemons etc. the bread knives usually have a 7 to 10 inches long blade.

6- Butter knife

Image result for 6. Butter knife

  • Butter knives are specifically designed for the purpose of spreading butter and all sorts of spreads and mayonnaise on your bread slice without cutting through your bread.
  • These butter knife comes with a blade that has blunt edge in shape of a paddle.
  • The material of these knives allows them to be heated in order to easily cut through and spread hard butter.
  • These butter knives are a must have on your dinning or kitchen table to make your breakfast time easier.

7- The Steak Knife

The Steak Knife

Steak knives are very similar to the butter knives only a bit sharper and come with a serrated edge.

  • Steak knives are also placed on your dining table and are also sometime called as dinner knives.
  • These kind of knives are used to easily cut through steak or chicken or whatever you cook and serve for dinner.
  • These knives are small in size and not very heavy so that they can easily be used while enjoying your food.
  • Steak knives usually come in a set of six of twelve depending upon your need.

They generally have stainless steel blades to increase their durability and life.

8- The Santoku Knife

The Santoku Knife

The word Santoku means ‘three virtues’ which depicts the three functionalities of this knife that include chopping, mincing and dicing. It is basically a Japanese version of western style chef knife. The Santoku knife comes with a flat blade as compared to the chef’s knife therefore it doesn’t rock on the cutting board making it an ideal choice when slicing vegetables into thin slices.

The design of these knives sometimes come with hollow edge to provide convenience while cutting sticky stuff like meat.

9- The Butcher Knife

Butcher Knife

Butcher knife is one of the biggest and the heaviest knives in your kitchen. A butcher knife usually comes with a thick spine and a strong and straight blade.

  • The butcher knife is used to easily cut through large pieces of meat and even through bones easily.
  • They are not usually serrated considering their usage.
  • They are also used for hand mincing boneless meat and crushing cooked and uncooked meat including chicken and fish as well.
  • Other than the meat these knives are also used to cut through thick food items like a pumpkin or a squash.

Even an item as small as a piece of garlic can be crushed using the huge blade.

10- The Fillet Knife

Fillet Knife

When looking at a fillet knife it is quite similar to a boning knife, but although they seem same they have subtle differences in their functionality. A boning knife is harder compared to the fillet knife considering that it is used to separate meat from the bones. A fillet knife however is much more flexible and is designed to carefully and professionally cut thin slices of fish or chicken or whichever meat you use. In shape it’s comparatively longer and thinner and much more flexible. They have a long sharp edge with a fine tip that can easily pierce through skin.

Extra Knife’s You May Want in Your Kitchen:

Other than these main types there are other different types of kitchen knives that we are casually listing down for your information:

  • Carving Knife: Used to make thin professional slices of meat
  • Cheese Knife: As the name suggests, cheese knives are designed to cut smoothly through any kind of cheese. It’s serrated to make the cutting easier and its design with holes ensures the cheese doesn’t stick.
  • Oyster Knife: These special knives are designed to easily open up oysters without getting any flakes into its meat.
  • Peeling knife: Although they can be confused with paring knives, these peeling knives are specifically designed for peeling stuff unlike the paring knives which are more versatile in functionality.
  • The Nakiri Bocho: It’s a Japanese style kitchen knife designed for chopping vegetables the long blade allows you to cut through long items like eggplants etc.
  • The Kitchen Shears: Although this isn’t a knife in reality but a kitchen shear is an essential staple item for your kitchen. Designed to easily snip all sorts of herbs, chop green onion, and cut small vegetables like chili without irritating your hands. These kitchen shears have a rather long and sharp blade compared to other type of scissors.